The Nazi rise to power
The rise of the Nazis began when Adolf Hitler joined the then called DAP (deutsche arbeiterpartei), which was renamed to the NSDAP ( nationalsozialitische deutsche arbeiterspartei) in 1919. The party was anti-communist, anti-democracy and opposed the treaty of Versailles. They had nationalistic beliefs and anti-semetic sentiments. Hitler’s rise within the party was fast: he joined in 1919 and became a leading member in 1921. In 1923 the Nazis tried a revolt in München called the beer hall putsch. After this failed putsch he was sentenced to jail. In jail he wrote his famous book “mein kampf”. This book described his beliefs and political background. After he was released from prison in 1924 the NSDAP grew into the biggest party of Germany. In the 1930 elections they got a 40% share in parliament. They took final dictatorial power after the Reichstag fire in 1933. The Reichstag was set to fire by a Dutch communist, or some belief: by the Nazis themselves. After this incident they banned their biggest political opponent, the communist party, from parliament and enacted the enabling act. this meant the Nazis could bypass parliament for 4 years. During the period Hitler secured his position and changed Germany into a dictatorial state.